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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-60

Sociodemographic characteristics of first 70 Coronavirus Disease-2019 patients in teaching medical city

Department of Public Health, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Teaching Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saeb Jasim Al-Shuwaili
Department of Public Health, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Teaching Medical City, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IRJCM.IRJCM_2_21

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Background: New coronavirus has been isolated in China and is named by the World Health Organization (WHO) severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 as a cause of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) which progressed to the pandemic. The first COVID-19 case was reported in Iraq on February 24, 2020, which was Iranian student. Objective: This study was conducted to highlight the demographic characteristics of the first 70 COVID-19 patients in a Teaching Medical City in Baghdad. Patients and Methods: This descriptive study involved the first 70 COVID-19 confirmed cases by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and treated in Al-Shafaa Center–Teaching Medical City from March 1 to April 17. Data were collected from investigation forms which include demographic data, risk factors, outcome, type of laboratory sample, and their result. The definition of a suspected, probable, and confirmed case is that explained by the WHO. Results: The total number of confirmed COVID-19 patients (RT-PCR-positive) was found to be 70 out of 537 suspected cases (13%). The case fatality rate was found to be 6% for those who died within more than 24 h. The recovery rate was 53%. The low rate of occurrence was among children below 14 years, females, and those with no risk factor. The high fatality rate was among those whose ages were more than 60 years, males, those with risk factors, and who delayed in seeking medical advice. The recovery rate was better among those <60 years of age, no risk factors, and early seeking medical advice. Females have high recovery rate and low case fatality rate than males. Conclusions: COVID-19 affects all ages but low occurrence in children <14 years of age and affects males more than females. Fatality increases with old age, male gender, presence of chronic disease, and delay in seeking medical advice.

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