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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-9

Primary health-care physicians knowledge about child abuse in Baghdad City

1 Karkh Health Directorate, Iraqi Ministry of Health, College of Medicine, University of Al-Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Al-Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Jamal M Alkhudhairi
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Al-Mustansiriyah, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IRJCM.IRJCM_1_20

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Background: Child abuse includes a wide range of abusive activities and procrastination in performing parental tasks and responsibilities, leading to physical or mental harm, sexual abuse, neglecting the child, and even child death. Too many children are brought to primary health care (PHC) centers on numerous occasions before they are recognized as victims of child abuse. For this reason, assessing physician's knowledge and taking suggestions for child abuse prevention is likely to have a significant impact on child health. Objective: The objective is to assess the knowledge of PHC physicians in Baghdad city concerning child abuse. Methods: Cross-sectional study with some analysis carried out from first April to June 2018, on a sample of 200 PHC physicians working in 41 randomly selected PHC centers in Baghdad city/Al-Resafa and Al-Karkh. Results: Nearly 40% of physicians had good overall knowledge about child abuse. PHC physicians reported the lowest good knowledge for physical abuse (16%), and highest good knowledge rate (77%) about prevention of child abuse. Conclusion: Less than half of the PHC physicians studied had good overall child abuse knowledge. Sexual and emotional child abuse knowledge was far better than physical abuse. Management guidelines and child abuse training courses are recommended.

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